The process of teaching refers to the method by which a teacher or instructor imparts knowledge to a student or pupil by making use of a specified set of tools or aides. With an increase in technological developments, new and improved teaching tools have been introduced to replace the traditional tools and supplies. The tools chosen for teaching should be based on the competency and capacity of both the teacher and the student. A teaching tool is an instrument, which facilitates quick and easy communication of information and knowledge. Tools required for teaching play a very important role in the entire process of imparting education.
Teaching tools used have evolved over a period of time. Rapid increase in technology and development have led to the introduction of a number of new and improved teaching tools and methods. The teaching tools required for college students are bound to vary widely compared to the teaching tools required for preschoolers. They also vary considerably on the subject matter being taught. Subjects dealing mainly in theory generally require traditional teaching tools. These include stationery items such as, pens, pencils, erasers, books, sharpeners, organizers and pencil boxes. Subjects requiring practical modes of teaching may use telescopes, computers, microscopes, engineering apparatus, test tubes and a variety of chemicals as teaching tools. Contrary to this, subjects requiring interactive learning, case studies or group discussions may use tools like liquid crystal display (LCD) screens, overhead projectors and computers.
Modern and contemporary teaching tools and aides have also been introduced to keep up with advancement in technology and competition. Introduction of the Internet has proved to be an effective and efficient teaching tool for both teachers and students. Information relating to any topic can now be easily obtained online. Apart from the Internet, a number of software packages have also been developed to assist both teachers and students. Televisions, radios and newspapers have also proved to be effective teaching tools in imparting information and knowledge.
In order to achieve optimum results, a suitable combination of both traditional and contemporary teaching tools should be developed to facilitate effective learning.